Typography is the visual component of the written word. According to Wikipedia The word “typography” in English comes from the Greek roots τύπος typos = “impression” and -γραφία -graphia = “writing”. I have no idea if that’s true but it sounds good to me.
Before computer-aided design and printing happened, Typography was an art form in its own right. Developed in the world of paper printing like newspapers and magazines. Three aspects of typography are legibility, readability, and aesthetics.
Legibility is the ease with which individual letters can be identified. Some fonts have been polished for centuries, and they’ve become common for a good reason.
Readability applies to the relationship of the letters to each other, as well as to the interaction of colours between the text and the background. You can have a beautiful font, but if you’ve got grey letters on a yellow background, no one will be able to read it.
Aesthetics, is the font pretty enough, is it pleasing to the eye or does it look like a dog threw up on the page
Typography is still a thing, but less regarded as an art form which is a shame. The fonts we choose every day were once actually created by someone with a lot of skill.